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Common name: Abiu
Botanical name: Pouteria caimito
Family: Sapotaceae
Origin: Brazil
Avg. Height X Width: 20' X 25’
Varieties: Caribou
Season: September- October
Damage temp: 30 F
Comments: The Abiu is a spectacular fruit native to the Amazon region of northwest Brazil. The pulp has a smooth creamy texture, and it tastes like caramel flan. Production thus far has been concentrated in southeast Brazil and in Australia, but the coastal regions of south Florida are ideal for the Abiu as well.
Image: © Ian Maguire

Common name: Akee
Botanical name: Blighia sapida
Family: Sapindaceae
Origin: West tropical Africa: Gold Coast & Ivory Coast
Avg. Height X Width: 20' X 20'
Season: May fruit twice a year in Florida, heaviest crop in summer.
Damage temp: 28-30 F
Comments: Akee is the national fruit of Jamaica. It is a rather large, handsome, fast growing, evergreen tree that may be kept at a reasonable height through regular pruning. When fully mature the fruit opens revealing a crisp, cream colored, glossy aril that is somewhat nutty-flavored attached to large, black, shiny seeds. The fruit is poisonous until allowed to open naturally.The green fruit; seed and husk are variously used in making soaps. Sapindaceae is the 'soapberry' family.
Image: © Ian Maguire

Common name: Allspice
Botanical name: Pimenta dioica
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: West Indies and parts of Central and South America
Avg Height X Width: 20' x 15'
Damage temp: 27 F
Comments: The name "allspice" is due to the fact that it's flavor resembles a combination of cinnamon, clove and nutmeg. It is often used in pumpkin pie. Culinary uses include as flavoring for sauces, pickles, sausages and soups. Extracted oil is used for flavoring and perfumery. The wood is used for canes, umbrella handles, and to add flavor to barbecue. Image: © Ian Maguire

Common name: Apple
Botanical name: Pyrus malus
Family: Rosaceae
Avg Height X Width: 20' x 15'
Varieties: Click here for details (PDF)
Season: Late Spring
Damage temp: 10 F
Comments: While there is no real potential for a commercial apple industry in Florida, dooryard growers in the central and northern part of the state can grow these select Florida friendly varieties with success. Like the peaches and plums, apples are deciduous trees. They require 200-400 chill hours, according to variety, to go completely dormant, and then the flowers emerge in the late part of the winter as the weather begins to warm. The plants are highly ornamental as they begin to break bud having large, showy, pink and white flowers. The typical apple season in Florida is May-June. Image: © Ian Maguire

Common name: Araza or Araca Boi
Botanical name: Eugenia stipitata
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Brazil
Avg Height X Width: 6’ X 5’
Season: throughout the warm months of the year
Damage temp: 30 F
Comments: Araza is an extremely rare New World fruit that is not widely known even in Amazonia Brazil where it is native. The small multi-stemmed trees produce numerous round fruit that look like tennis balls hanging from it’s outstretched weeping branches. The fruit is quite sour but versatile due to it’s pleasant flavor, texture, color, and smell. They are commonly used to make tropical drinks & cocktails, popsicles, and ice cream. The bushy trees can be maintained at six feet or less, or trained as a standard with a single trunk. They take just 2-3 years to fruit.

Common name: Atemoya
Botanical name: Annona squamosa x Annona cherimola
Family: Annonaceae
Avg Height X Width: 15' x 15'
Varieties: African Pride, Bradley, Gefner, Page, Priestly, Pink's Mammoth, 48-26
Season: August - November
Damage temp: 27 F
Comments: Atemoya is a cross between the lowland sugar apple and the highland cherimoya. The fruit is fragrant, firm, and it has a snowy-white flesh of a fine texture. They are generally conical to heart shaped, and may weigh up to 5 pounds. The pulp has fewer seeds than the sugar apple and the flesh is not divided into segments. The yield may be increased through hand pollination.
Image: © Ian Maguire

Common name: Avocado
Botanical name: Persea americana
Family: Lauraceae
Avg. Height X Width: 25' X 20'
Varieties: Click Here to visit PIN's Avocado Cultivar viewere
Season: May- February according to variety
Damage temp: 25-26 F
Comments: Avocadoes are the single most important tropical fruit crop in Florida. The varieties we propagate are selections of superior commercial cultivars that have exceptional flavor, production, and disease resistance. Selections are also based on ripening season giving growers a temporal advantage over forgein and domestic competitors. Image: © Ian Maguire

Common Bilimbi, Cucumber Tree
Botanical name:
Averrhoa bilimbi
Family:
Oxalidaceae
Orgin:
Indonesia
Avg. Height X Width:
10’ X 10’
Season:
February-December
Damage temp:
32F
Comments: The Bilimbi is a close relative to the Carambola, but they are always extremely sour. The fruit is commonly used in Indian cooking and it is added to curries in the Far East. Relish and chutney are common uses for the fresh fruit throughout Latin America. There are many medicinal uses for the leaves including the relief of coughing, inflammation, and fever. The trees are prolific producers and will fruit at just 1-2 years of age..
Image: © Maurice Kong

Common name: Blackberry
Botanical name:
Robus argatus
Family:
Rosaceae
Orgin:
North America
Varieties:
Brazo and Natchez
Avg. Height X Width:
5’ X 5’
Season:
Spring-Summer
Damage temp:
10-20 F
Comments: These three blackberry varieties are suitable for zones 8-10. The Brazo variety is an erect growing bush that does not require trellising. It has short canes, and it is well adapted to growing throughout Florida. The Arapaho and Navaho are not quite as prolific, but they are thorn less. All three have large fruit with small seeds that are not objectionable. The plants do go dormant in the winter, and new canes sprout in the spring.
Image: © Ian Maguire

Common name: Banana
Botanical name:
Musa spp.
Family:
Musaceae
Varieties:
Hua Moa, Ice Cream, Dwarf Nam Wah, Manzano, & Plantains
Avg. Height X Width:
8’ x 4’
Season:
year round
Damage temp:
29 F
Comments: The banana is the most extensively cultivated tropical fruit in the world. The plants fruit just once, and then should be removed to allow the suckers room to mature and supply next years crop. Plants begin to bear in less than a year’s time.
Image: © Ian Maguire

Common name: Barbados-Cherry, Acerola
Botanical name: Malpighia punicifolia, M. glabra
Family: Malpighiaceae
Origin: West Indies, Central America
Avg. Height X Width: 12' x 12'
Varieties: Florida Sweet
Season: May-Nov. Sparsely most of the year.
Damage temp: 28 F

Comments: The Barbados Cherry is a fast growing bushy tree that can be trained as a standard or shaped as a hedge. The fruit are sweet to sub-acid, and they are used extensively in juices throughout Latin America. The cherries are extremely high in Vitamin C, and just one has the equivalent Vitamin C content of 12 oranges combined. They are also used in jellies, jams, and they freeze without losing their Vitamin C content. Image: © Ian Maguire


Common name: Bay Leaf
Botanical name: Laurus nobilis
Family: Lauraceae
Origin: Asia
Avg. Height X Width: 12' x 8'
Season: year round
Damage temp: 27 F

Comments: Bay Leaf is a culinary herb often used to flavor soups, stews, and braises and pâtés in Mediterranean Cuisine. The fresh leaves are very mild and do not develop their full flavor until several weeks after picking and drying. Bay leaves can also be crushed (or ground) before cooking. Crushed bay leaves impart more of their desired fragrance than whole leaves, and there is less chance of biting into a leaf directly. Image: © Ian Maguire


Common name: Black Pepper
Botanical name: Piper nigrum
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: India or Indo-Malayan region
Variety: Sarawak
Growth Habit: Weak climbing or trailing vine up to 30'.
Season: year round, but heaviest in warm months
Damage temp: 28-30 F
Comments: Black pepper has been one of the most important spices since ancient times. They are best grown in a pot or raised bed in acid soil such as Canadian Peat. The plants prefer a hot, humid climate and some shade. Black pepper is the dried unripe fruit of small one-seeded berrylike drupes about 50 to a catkin. They are usually picked when the first 'berry' begins to turn red. Before drying they may be used fresh green. When dried they become the black wrinkled peppercorns. Image: © Ian Maguire

Common name: Black Sapote, Chocolate Pudding Fruit, Black/Chocolate Persimmon
Botanical name: Diospyros digyna
Family: Ebanaceae
Origin: Mexico
Avg. Height X Width: 25' x 25'
Season: Fall and Spring
Damage temp: 28-30 F
Comments: The black sapote is an evergreen, handsome tree with dark green, glossy leaves. Fruit are greenish-brown when ripe having a thin skin and chocolate colored pulp. A spoonful of honey mixed into the pulp makes it glossy, shiny and tasty, living up to its popular name of Chocolate Pudding Fruit.
Image: © Ian Maguire

Common name: Blueberry
Botanical name: Vaccinium corymbosum
Family: Ericaceae
Origin: North America
Avg. Height X Width: 6’ X 4’
Varieties: Emerald, Misty, Sensation, Sharpblue, and Windsor
Season: March-May
Damage temp: 0 F (-18 C)
Comments: Over the last decade the University of Florida has developed several outstanding highbush blueberry varieties for tropical and subtropical climates. Besides their exquisite flavor, blueberries are also touted for their health benefits. Researchers at the USDA Human Nutrition Center have found that blueberries rank number one of fruits with cancer fighting antioxidant activity. They are also known to slow the age related loss of mental capacity, fight cardiovascular disease, stroke, urinary tract infections, and to improve eyesight. They can be planted as a specimen or container grown with ease. Image: © Ian Maguire

Common name: Breadfruit
Botanical name: Artocarpus altilis
Family: Moraceae
Origin: Polynesia
Avg. Height X Width: 60’ X 50’
Varieties: Ma’afala
Season: summer-fall
Damage temp: 50 F
Comments: Breadfruit is consumed as a staple throughout the tropics, and it can be roasted, fried, baked, or broiled. The flavor of the cooked fruit tastes similar to fresh baked bread and is also described as being somewhat potato-like. Today there is a great deal of interest in breadfruit as a subsistence crop in less developed countries and island nations where domestic food production is extremely limited. The fruit are high in carbohydrates, and they are an excellent source of protein as well. Breadfruit are truly tropical, and they are limited to regions that never freeze. For that reason they can only be grown in the US in Hawaii or the Florida Keys, unless they are grown in a climate controlled greenhouse.Image: © Ian Maguire

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